The semiconductor is 100,000 times thinner than a sheet of paper and is extremely energy efficient as researchers say it does not give off heat.
Researchers at the Australian National University (ANU) have developed a system that can transmit data using atomic thin semiconductors. The semiconductor is 100,000 times thinner than a sheet of paper and is extremely energy efficient as researchers say it does not give off heat.
According to researchers, this is the first semiconductor to successfully demonstrate this level of efficiency of information carriers, the particles that carry data in computers. Project leader Matthias Wurdack said the technology could potentially pave the way for sustainable future growth in computing by reducing wasteful energy consumption.
“Computers already use about 10 percent of all electricity available globally, which has huge financial and environmental costs and is projected to double every 10 years due to the growing demand for computing. As energy production, storage and transportation always come at a cost, including air pollution and climate change from burning fossil fuels, it is extremely important to reduce our electricity consumption for a more sustainable future, ”Wurdack said.
The researchers are now moving on to the next phase of the project, which consists of incorporating the technology into a transistor, ANU said.
There is a worldwide semiconductor shortage, which has affected many industries, from the automotive industry to smartphones. For example, car manufacturers have been forced to reduce their emissions since the start of the pandemic due to shortages. Ford, for example, lost about 700,000 vehicles scheduled to be built in the second quarter of 2021, while General Motors said the losses from the lack of semiconductors could reach as much as $ 2 billion.
At the same time, the university has launched a new research center focusing on developing a “relevant, sound and correct” technology policy. The Tech Policy Design Center will work on the joint design of technology policy with business, government, civil society, policy makers and academia, ANU explained, believing that technology policy will be built on four areas: people, power, democracy and data.
The university said the center would research who owns the data and who has permission to use it. The growing influence and power of technology giants, online rights and security, and the impact of misinformation, disinformation and foreign intervention on democracy are also being examined.